Diabetes is a disease characterized by too much sugar in the bloodstream. Sugar provides energy for your cells and travels through the bloodstream via the hormone insulin. When the pancreas, a gland located behind the stomach, does not produce enough insulin or the body is not using the insulin properly, diabetes occurs. There are two forms of diabetes mellitus:
Type 1: Commonly known as juvenile diabetes, this form of the disease occurs when the pancreas makes very little or no insulin. Patients must manage their insulin intake daily. Although it is most often seen in children, it can be diagnosed at any age.
Type 2: Also known as adult onset, this is the most common form of diabetes. In this form, the body is resistant to or cannot use the insulin properly and therefore is not delivering sugar to the cells. Studies have shown that those who are overweight, have a family history of diabetes, or have gestational diabetes (during pregnancy) are more likely to develop this form of the disease.